Claims in 2014 and 2016: Life expectancy in Russia is falling. Incorrect: It has been rising since 2003. (Fact-check done in September 2016.) Sources of the claim: former NATO commander James Stavridis in Foreign Policy (Feb. 2016); Georgetown University senior fellow Jeffrey Gedmin in the Wall Street Journal (Dec. 2014). The opposite is true: Life expectancy has been on the rise since 2003. Mr. Gedmin likewise claimed that “in Mr. Putin’s Russia, infant mortality is up"; it has been declining steadily since 1995.